The Peruvian National Police (Spanish: policia de Peru, PNP) is the national force of Peru. Its area of responsibility covers the whole country, including the coast, land, and air boundaries. Its primary mission is to uphold public order, safety, and national security, to promote accountability and integrity of the institution of the state, and to protect the people from abuse and exploitation. The organization is led by the Director General, who also leads the Preventive Police Force, the Criminal Bureau, the Escobar, the Family Police Force, the Ministry of the Interior, the Supreme Court, and the National Statistics Office.
The Peru’s National Police is part of the Ministry of the Interior. All Peru’s 30 provinces have their local police departments. The officers of these departments are known as the provocateurs or enforcers. They are commonly known as “shot guns” or “batons.” Although not all officers carry firearms, they commonly use firearms for crowd control.
The role of the Peruvian National Police is divided between different levels of law enforcement. The top level is known as the Judicial Police Force of the Department of Justice, which includes the Attorney General’s office and the Office of the Inspector General. At the next level down is the Office of the Attorney General, which is the country’s main law enforcement agency. Last but not least, there is the Federal Police, which is an inferior arm of the judicial police force. The Inspector General’s office is also located within the government.
The Inspector General of each region of Peru performs a wide range of responsibilities. He is responsible for the prevention of human rights abuses and the investigation and release of captured victims. The role of this organization is similar to that of the Attorney General; however, he reports directly to the President and General Manager of the Peruvian National Police. Other than the Inspector General, other law enforcement officials such as the provincial police chief, the regional vice-chairman, the head of the Internal Investigation Service and the managers of the local police station are all members of this coordinating body.
The Peruvian National Police has been criticized in the past for its brutality and other serious human rights abuses. The recent complaints include deaths from excessive force, excessive use of force, false arrest and wrongful termination, and the torture and ill-treatment of detained individuals. These problems have resulted in a number of lawsuits against the Peruvian government, and in some cases the United Nations has condemned the methods used by the Peruvian National Police. This is largely due to impunity, which makes it difficult for prisoners who have gone through police custody to receive fair trials.
The main problems within the Peruvian National Police are caused by high levels of corruption within the force. In order to serve effectively, all Peruvian officers need to be properly trained. However, there are many officials who have been able to obtain training in countries with lower crime rates, or whose standards are not as high as they should be. This results in less than adequate training for many Peruvian officers, and officers are not properly equipped when they do arrive in Peru to complete their training. This leads to a lack of knowledge on the job, and the continued hiring of low-performing officers who then continue to perform poorly.
It is likely that corruption is a widespread problem within the Peruvian National Police, and that the majority of officers involved in the illegal drugs trade are either corrupt and guilty of participating in the illegal drug trade, or they are simply being paid high salaries and incentives by the illegal drug ring. Since most criminals have connections to police officers, it is very likely that any high level officer would know about a connection. This would result in an easy route to join the force, and then starting to systematically corrupt the ranks. It is not clear whether there are any links to organized crime or former high-level government officials, but it is clear that corruption runs rife within the Peruvian National Police Force.
Currently there is only one official agency responsible for the recruitment, training, and general oversight of the Peruvian National Police force. This agency is the Ministry of Interior, which is accountable for selecting all Peruvian officers to fill all open positions. Its limited ability to monitor and bring charges against high-level officials, coupled with the number of individuals who are willing to ‘pay’ for a good position to make corruption common within the force. With corruption at such high levels, many citizens, including United Nations officials, have raised concerns over the lack of meaningful discipline and recourse for those employees who have been corrupted.